The hip and knee are some of the strongest joints in the body, responsible for supporting most of our weight. Knee and hip injuries are quite common resulting from a wide variety of problems. Commonly we hear of hip injuries with a fall in the senior demographic however, hip injuries can occur in patients of all ages. Determining the cause of hip pain is largely dependent on the specific area in pain. Inner hip and groin pain often result from a problem within the hip joint itself. Pain to the outer hip or thigh result from a sprain (the stretch or tear of a ligament , the tissue that connects bone to other bones) or a strain (the stretch or tear of a muscle or tendon, the tissue that connects muscle to bone) around your hip joint. Hip pain differs from many other injuries as the pain can be very inconsistent. Pain can present itself in some patients during activity, while others will experience it more during rest. Because of this inconsistency treating hip pain without the help of a physical therapist can be quite difficult.
Knee pain is usually caused by either a sudden or overuse injury. The most common sudden injury is one to the ACL, anterior cruciate ligament. The ACL holds the bones within your knee together helping to stabilize the knee in movement. This is very common in sports like basketball and football where you make quick, sharp turns while running. Pain typically presents itself immediately making it difficult to walk or bare weight on the injured leg and swelling is likely to take place within the first 24 hours. Overuse injuries in the knee can result from repeated bending of your knee in high impact exercises like running and jumping. These injuries can irritate the soft tissue in and around the knee causing pain, swelling and reduction of movement.
Your All Star physical therapist will complete a thorough evaluation of your hip or knee that may include measuring your range of motion, functionality, and strength. The goal of physical therapy will be to decrease pain while increasing the range of motion and strength through hands-on therapy, stretching, and exercise. In addition, heat, ice, ultrasound, and electric stimulation may be used to help reduce inflammation and relieve pain.